基于区块链的毕业设计eth2-grafana – eth2格拉法纳

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eth2-grafana

Grafana dashboards for Prysmatic Labs Prysm Eth2 client.

eth2-grafana - eth2格拉法纳

Host stats require node_exporter, ping stats require blackbox_exporter, and ETH price requires blackbox_exporter. Panels requiring these modules can be manually removed from the dashboard after installation if you choose not to install these additional components.

High Level Installation

This installation assumes that you are running Prysm, Grafana, Prometheus, node_exporter, blackbox_exporter, and json_exporter on the same system, and that only default ports are used.

  1. Install node_exporter if you would like to see system information, such as CPU utilization, memory use, CPU temperature, disk usage, and network traffic.
  2. If you would like to see ping (network latency) information, install blackbox_exporter using the following configuration file.
modules:         icmp:                 prober: icmp                 timeout: 10s                 icmp:                         preferred_ip_protocol: ipv4 
  1. Install go
  2. Install json_exporter if you would like to see ETH price information. Use the following configuration file.
metrics: - name: ethusd   path: $.ethereum.usd   help: Ethereum (ETH) price in USD 
  1. Install Prometheus using the following configuration file.
global:   scrape_interval: 15s  scrape_configs:   - job_name: 'prometheus'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:9090']   - job_name: 'beacon node'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:8080']   - job_name: 'node_exporter'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:9100']   - job_name: 'validator'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:8081']   - job_name: 'ping_google'     metrics_path: /probe     params:       module: [icmp]     static_configs:       - targets:         - 8.8.8.8     relabel_configs:       - source_labels: [__address__]         target_label: __param_target       - source_labels: [__param_target]         target_label: instance       - target_label: __address__         replacement: 127.0.0.1:9115  # The blackbox exporter's real hostname:port.   - job_name: 'ping_cloudflare'     metrics_path: /probe     params:       module: [icmp]     static_configs:       - targets:         - 1.1.1.1     relabel_configs:       - source_labels: [__address__]         target_label: __param_target       - source_labels: [__param_target]         target_label: instance       - target_label: __address__         replacement: 127.0.0.1:9115  # The blackbox exporter's real hostname:port.   - job_name: json_exporter     static_configs:     - targets:       - 127.0.0.1:7979   - job_name: json     metrics_path: /probe     static_configs:     - targets:       - https://api.coingecko.com/api/v3/simple/price?ids=ethereum&vs_currencies=usd     relabel_configs:     - source_labels: [__address__]       target_label: __param_target     - source_labels: [__param_target]       target_label: instance     - target_label: __address__       replacement: 127.0.0.1:7979 
  1. Install Grafana.
  2. Login to Grafana and add http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX:9090/ as a Prometheus data source.
  3. Add the Prysm dashboard to Grafana.

Detailed Ubuntu 20.04 Installation

Adapted from my instructions for setting up a Prysm staking system on Ubuntu 20.04.

Prometheus

Create User Account

sudo adduser --system prometheus --group --no-create-home

Install Prometheus

Find the URL to the latest amd64 version of Prometheus at https://prometheus.io/download/. In the commands below, replace any references to the version 2.22.1 to the latest version available.

cd wget https://github.com/prometheus/prometheus/releases/download/v2.22.1/prometheus-2.22.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz tar xzvf prometheus-2.22.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz cd prometheus-2.22.1.linux-amd64 sudo cp promtool /usr/local/bin/ sudo cp prometheus /usr/local/bin/ sudo chown root:root /usr/local/bin/promtool /usr/local/bin/prometheus sudo chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/promtool /usr/local/bin/prometheus cd rm prometheus-2.22.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz

Configure Prometheus

Create directories that prometheus will be expecting to find.

sudo mkdir -p /etc/prometheus/console_libraries /etc/prometheus/consoles /etc/prometheus/files_sd /etc/prometheus/rules /etc/prometheus/rules.d

Create the prometheus configuration files. Open a new configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

Copy and paste the following text into the prometheus.yml configuration file:

global:   scrape_interval: 15s  scrape_configs:   - job_name: 'prometheus'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:9090']   - job_name: 'beacon node'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:8080']   - job_name: 'node_exporter'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:9100']   - job_name: 'validator'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:8081']   - job_name: 'ping_google'     metrics_path: /probe     params:       module: [icmp]     static_configs:       - targets:         - 8.8.8.8     relabel_configs:       - source_labels: [__address__]         target_label: __param_target       - source_labels: [__param_target]         target_label: instance       - target_label: __address__         replacement: 127.0.0.1:9115  # The blackbox exporter's real hostname:port.   - job_name: 'ping_cloudflare'     metrics_path: /probe     params:       module: [icmp]     static_configs:       - targets:         - 1.1.1.1     relabel_configs:       - source_labels: [__address__]         target_label: __param_target       - source_labels: [__param_target]         target_label: instance       - target_label: __address__         replacement: 127.0.0.1:9115  # The blackbox exporter's real hostname:port.   - job_name: json_exporter     static_configs:     - targets:       - 127.0.0.1:7979   - job_name: json     metrics_path: /probe     static_configs:     - targets:       - https://api.coingecko.com/api/v3/simple/price?ids=ethereum&vs_currencies=usd     relabel_configs:     - source_labels: [__address__]       target_label: __param_target     - source_labels: [__param_target]       target_label: instance     - target_label: __address__       replacement: 127.0.0.1:7979 

Note: Users of earlier versions of these instructions may have the beacon node job name set to “beacon” instead of “beacon node”. When choosing a Grafana dashboard from this repository, please select this dashboard if you are using “beacon” as the job name, and this dashboard if you are using “beacon node” as the job name.

Change the ownership of the prometheus configuration directory to the prometheus user.

sudo chown -R prometheus:prometheus /etc/prometheus

Data Directory

Make a directory for prometheus files, owned by the prometheus user account, and with appropriate privileges.

sudo mkdir /var/lib/prometheus sudo chown prometheus:prometheus /var/lib/prometheus sudo chmod 755 /var/lib/prometheus

Set Up systemd Service

Set up systemd to automatically start Prometheus. It will also restart the software if it stops.

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/prometheus.service

Copy and paste the following text into the prometheus.service file.

[Unit] Description=Prometheus Wants=network-online.target After=network-online.target  [Service] User=prometheus Group=prometheus Type=simple Restart=always RestartSec=5 ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/prometheus      --config.file /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml      --storage.tsdb.path /var/lib/prometheus/      --web.console.templates=/etc/prometheus/consoles      --web.console.libraries=/etc/prometheus/console_libraries  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target 

Reload the systemd service file configurations, start prometheus, then enable the prometheus service to have it start automatically on reboot.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start prometheus.service sudo systemctl enable prometheus.service

Grafana

Setup and install Grafana using apt-get.

cd sudo apt-get install -y apt-transport-https sudo apt-get install -y software-properties-common wget wget -q -O - https://packages.grafana.com/gpg.key | sudo apt-key add - sudo add-apt-repository "deb https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable main" sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install grafana-enterprise

Setup systemd

Reload the systemd service file configurations, start Grafana, then enable the Grafana service to have it start automatically on reboot.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start grafana-server sudo systemctl enable grafana-server

Login to Grafana at http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX:3000/, replacing XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX with the IP address of your server. If you do not know the IP address, run ifconfig.

Default username admin. Default password admin. Grafana will ask you to set a new password.

Setup Prometheus Data Source

  1. On the left-hand menu, hover over the gear menu and click on Data Sources.
  2. Then click on the Add Data Source button.
  3. Hover over the Prometheus card on screen, then click on the Select button.
  4. Enter http://127.0.0.1:9090/ into the URL field, then click Save & Test.

Install Grafana Dashboard

  1. Hover over the plus symbol icon in the left-hand menu, then click on Import.
  2. Copy and paste the dashboard at https://raw.githubusercontent.com/metanull-operator/eth2-grafana/master/eth2-grafana-dashboard-single-source-beacon_node.json into the “Import via panel json” text box on the screen. If you used an older version of these instructions, where the Prometheus configuration file uses the beacon node job name of “beacon” instead of “beacon node”, please use this dashboard instead for backwards compatibility.
  3. Then click the Load button.
  4. Then click the Import button.

Note: Some panels will not display data until all required software is running. Various portions of this dashboard are directly or indirectly dependent on Prometheus, Prysm beacon chain, Prysm validator, node_exporter, and blackbox exporter.

Final Grafana Dashboard Configuration

A few of the queries driving the Grafana dashboard may need different settings, depending on your hardware.

Network Traffic Configuration

To ensure that network traffic is correctly reflected on your Grafana dashboard, update the network interface in the Network Traffic widget. Run the following command to find your Linux network device.

ifconfig

Output of the command should look like the following:

eno1: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500         inet 192.168.1.10  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.1.255         inet6 fe80::1e69:7aff:fe63:14b0  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>         ether 1c:69:7a:63:14:b0  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)         RX packets 238936  bytes 78487335 (78.4 MB)         RX errors 0  dropped 1819  overruns 0  frame 0         TX packets 257824  bytes 112513038 (112.5 MB)         TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0         device interrupt 16  memory 0x96300000-96320000  lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536         inet 127.0.0.1  netmask 255.0.0.0         inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>         loop  txqueuelen 1000  (Local Loopback)         RX packets 39805  bytes 29126770 (29.1 MB)         RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0         TX packets 39805  bytes 29126770 (29.1 MB)         TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0 

Of the two entries shows above, the first lists my IP address on the second line, network interface eno1. Find the entry that represents the network connection you want to monitor and copy the device name, which is the part before the colon on the first line of each entry. In my case the value is eno1.

  1. Go to the Grafana dashboard previously installed
  2. Find the Network Traffic widget, and open the drop down that can be found by the Network Traffic title.
  3. Click Edit.
  4. There will be four references to eno1 in the queries that appear. Replace all four with the name of the network interface you found in the ifconfig command.

node_exporter

Node exporter allows Prometheus to record system data, such as CPU utilization, memory use, CPU temperature, and disk usage.

Setup and install node_exporter using apt-get.

Create User Account

sudo adduser --system node_exporter --group --no-create-home

Install node_exporter

cd wget https://github.com/prometheus/node_exporter/releases/download/v1.0.1/node_exporter-1.0.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz tar xzvf node_exporter-1.0.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz sudo cp node_exporter-1.0.1.linux-amd64/node_exporter /usr/local/bin/ sudo chown node_exporter:node_exporter /usr/local/bin/node_exporter rm node_exporter-1.0.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz

Set Up System Service

Set up systemd to automatically start node_exporter. It will also restart the software if it stops.

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/node_exporter.service

Copy and paste the following text into the node_exporter.service file.

[Unit] Description=Node Exporter  [Service] Type=simple Restart=always RestartSec=5 User=node_exporter ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/node_exporter  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target 

Reload the systemd service file configurations, start node_exporter, then enable the node_exporter service to have it start automatically on reboot.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start node_exporter.service sudo systemctl enable node_exporter.service

json_exporter

Install go

sudo apt-get install golang-1.14-go  # Create a symlink from /usr/bin/go to the new go installation sudo ln -s /usr/lib/go-1.14/bin/go /usr/bin/go

Install git

sudo apt-get install git

Create User Account

sudo adduser --system json_exporter --group --no-create-home

Install json_exporter

cd git clone https://github.com/prometheus-community/json_exporter.git cd json_exporter make build sudo cp json_exporter /usr/local/bin/ sudo chown json_exporter:json_exporter /usr/local/bin/json_exporter

Configure json_exporter

Create a directory for the json_exporter configuration file, and make it owned by the json_exporter account.

sudo mkdir /etc/json_exporter sudo chown json_exporter:json_exporter /etc/json_exporter

Edit the json_exporter configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/json_exporter/json_exporter.yml

Copy and paste the following text into the json_exporter.yml file.

metrics: - name: ethusd   path: $.ethereum.usd   help: Ethereum (ETH) price in USD 

Change ownership of the configuration file to the json_exporter account.

sudo chown json_exporter:json_exporter /etc/json_exporter/json_exporter.yml

Set Up System Service

Set up systemd to automatically start json_exporter. It will also restart the software if it stops.

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/json_exporter.service

Copy and paste the following text into the json_exporter.service file.

[Unit] Description=JSON Exporter  [Service] Type=simple Restart=always RestartSec=5 User=json_exporter ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/json_exporter --config.file /etc/json_exporter/json_exporter.yml  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target 

Reload the systemd service file configurations, start node_exporter, then enable the json_exporter service to have it start automatically on reboot.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start json_exporter.service sudo systemctl enable json_exporter.service

Optional

blackbox_exporter

I use blackbox_exporter to provide ping (network latency) data between my staking system and two DNS providers. This can also be used to see network downtime.

The Grafana dashboard in these instructions includes a panel with a ping time graph. If you choose not to install blackbox_exporter, simply remove that panel from your Grafana dashboard. It will not show data.

Create User Account

sudo adduser --system blackbox_exporter --group --no-create-home

Install blackbox_exporter

cd wget https://github.com/prometheus/blackbox_exporter/releases/download/v0.18.0/blackbox_exporter-0.18.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz tar xvzf blackbox_exporter-0.18.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz sudo cp blackbox_exporter-0.18.0.linux-amd64/blackbox_exporter /usr/local/bin/ sudo chown blackbox_exporter:blackbox_exporter /usr/local/bin/blackbox_exporter sudo chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/blackbox_exporter

Gives blackbox_exporter special network packet creation abilities to allow for pinging servers.

sudo setcap cap_net_raw+ep /usr/local/bin/blackbox_exporter

Remove the original blackbox_exporter package.

rm blackbox_exporter-0.18.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz

Configure blackbox_exporter

sudo mkdir /etc/blackbox_exporter sudo chown blackbox_exporter:blackbox_exporter /etc/blackbox_exporter

Edit the blackbox_exporter configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/blackbox_exporter/blackbox.yml

Copy and paste the following text into the blackbox.yml file.

modules:         icmp:                 prober: icmp                 timeout: 10s                 icmp:                         preferred_ip_protocol: ipv4 

Change ownership of the configuration file to the blackbox_exporter account.

sudo chown blackbox_exporter:blackbox_exporter /etc/blackbox_exporter/blackbox.yml

Set Up System Service

Set up systemd to automatically start blackbox_exporter. It will also restart the software if it stops.

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/blackbox_exporter.service

Copy and paste the following text into the blackbox_exporter.service file.

[Unit] Description=Blackbox Exporter  [Service] Type=simple Restart=always RestartSec=5 User=blackbox_exporter ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/blackbox_exporter --config.file /etc/blackbox_exporter/blackbox.yml  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target 

Reload the systemd service file configurations, start blackbox_exporter, then enable the blackbox_exporter service to have it start automatically on reboot.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start blackbox_exporter.service sudo systemctl enable blackbox_exporter.service

eth2-grafana

Prysmatic Labs Prysm Eth2客户端的Grafana仪表板。主机统计需要nodeu exporter,ping统计需要blackboxu exporter,ETH price需要blackboxu exporter。如果您选择不安装这些附加组件,则可以在安装后手动从仪表板上卸下需要这些模块的面板。

此安装假定您在同一系统上运行Prysm、Grafana、Prometheus、nodeu exporter、blackboxu exporter和jsonu exporter,并且只使用默认端口。

改编自我在Ubuntu 20.04上设置Prysm锁定系统的说明。

高级安装

找到最新版本的amd64 Prometheus的网址https://prometheus.io/download/。在下面的命令中,将对版本2.22.1的所有引用替换为可用的最新版本。

  1. 如果您想查看系统信息,如CPU使用率、内存使用率、CPU温度、磁盘使用率和网络流量,请安装nodeu exporter。
  2. 如果您想查看ping(网络延迟)信息,请使用以下配置文件安装blackboxu exporter。如果您想查看ETH价格信息,请安装go。使用以下配置文件。
modules:         icmp:                 prober: icmp                 timeout: 10s                 icmp:                         preferred_ip_protocol: ipv4 
  1. 使用以下配置文件安装Prometheus。
  2. 安装Grafana。
metrics: - name: ethusd   path: $.ethereum.usd   help: Ethereum (ETH) price in USD 
  1. 登录到Grafana并添加http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX:9090/作为普罗米修斯数据源。
global:   scrape_interval: 15s  scrape_configs:   - job_name: 'prometheus'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:9090']   - job_name: 'beacon node'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:8080']   - job_name: 'node_exporter'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:9100']   - job_name: 'validator'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:8081']   - job_name: 'ping_google'     metrics_path: /probe     params:       module: [icmp]     static_configs:       - targets:         - 8.8.8.8     relabel_configs:       - source_labels: [__address__]         target_label: __param_target       - source_labels: [__param_target]         target_label: instance       - target_label: __address__         replacement: 127.0.0.1:9115  # The blackbox exporter's real hostname:port.   - job_name: 'ping_cloudflare'     metrics_path: /probe     params:       module: [icmp]     static_configs:       - targets:         - 1.1.1.1     relabel_configs:       - source_labels: [__address__]         target_label: __param_target       - source_labels: [__param_target]         target_label: instance       - target_label: __address__         replacement: 127.0.0.1:9115  # The blackbox exporter's real hostname:port.   - job_name: json_exporter     static_configs:     - targets:       - 127.0.0.1:7979   - job_name: json     metrics_path: /probe     static_configs:     - targets:       - https://api.coingecko.com/api/v3/simple/price?ids=ethereum&vs_currencies=usd     relabel_configs:     - source_labels: [__address__]       target_label: __param_target     - source_labels: [__param_target]       target_label: instance     - target_label: __address__       replacement: 127.0.0.1:7979 
  1. 将Prysm仪表板添加到Grafana。
  2. 在左侧菜单上,将鼠标悬停在“齿轮”菜单上,然后单击“数据源”。
  3. 然后单击“添加数据源”按钮。

详细的Ubuntu 20.04安装

创建普罗米修斯希望找到的目录。

Prometheus

创建用户帐户

sudo adduser --system prometheus --group --no-create-home

安装Prometheus

创建prometheus配置文件。打开新的配置文件。

cd wget https://github.com/prometheus/prometheus/releases/download/v2.22.1/prometheus-2.22.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz tar xzvf prometheus-2.22.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz cd prometheus-2.22.1.linux-amd64 sudo cp promtool /usr/local/bin/ sudo cp prometheus /usr/local/bin/ sudo chown root:root /usr/local/bin/promtool /usr/local/bin/prometheus sudo chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/promtool /usr/local/bin/prometheus cd rm prometheus-2.22.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz

配置Prometheus

将以下文本复制并粘贴到普罗米修斯配置文件:

sudo mkdir -p /etc/prometheus/console_libraries /etc/prometheus/consoles /etc/prometheus/files_sd /etc/prometheus/rules /etc/prometheus/rules.d

注意:这些说明的早期版本的用户可能将信标节点作业名称设置为“beacon”而不是“beacon node”。从该存储库选择Grafana仪表板时,如果使用“beacon”作为作业名称,请选择该仪表板;如果使用“beacon node”作为作业名称,请选择该仪表板。

sudo nano /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

将prometheus配置目录的所有权更改为prometheus用户。

global:   scrape_interval: 15s  scrape_configs:   - job_name: 'prometheus'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:9090']   - job_name: 'beacon node'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:8080']   - job_name: 'node_exporter'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:9100']   - job_name: 'validator'     scrape_interval: 5s     static_configs:     - targets: ['127.0.0.1:8081']   - job_name: 'ping_google'     metrics_path: /probe     params:       module: [icmp]     static_configs:       - targets:         - 8.8.8.8     relabel_configs:       - source_labels: [__address__]         target_label: __param_target       - source_labels: [__param_target]         target_label: instance       - target_label: __address__         replacement: 127.0.0.1:9115  # The blackbox exporter's real hostname:port.   - job_name: 'ping_cloudflare'     metrics_path: /probe     params:       module: [icmp]     static_configs:       - targets:         - 1.1.1.1     relabel_configs:       - source_labels: [__address__]         target_label: __param_target       - source_labels: [__param_target]         target_label: instance       - target_label: __address__         replacement: 127.0.0.1:9115  # The blackbox exporter's real hostname:port.   - job_name: json_exporter     static_configs:     - targets:       - 127.0.0.1:7979   - job_name: json     metrics_path: /probe     static_configs:     - targets:       - https://api.coingecko.com/api/v3/simple/price?ids=ethereum&vs_currencies=usd     relabel_configs:     - source_labels: [__address__]       target_label: __param_target     - source_labels: [__param_target]       target_label: instance     - target_label: __address__       replacement: 127.0.0.1:7979 

为prometheus文件创建一个目录,由prometheus用户帐户拥有,并具有适当的权限。

设置systemd自动启动普罗米修斯。如果停止,它还会重新启动软件。

sudo chown -R prometheus:prometheus /etc/prometheus

安装systemd

安装Prometheus数据源

安装Grafana仪表板

最终Grafana仪表板配置

网络流量配置

节点导出器

创建用户帐户

安装节点导出器

设置系统服务

jsonu导出器

安装go

安装git

创建用户帐户

安装json导出器

配置json导出器

设置系统服务

可选

黑盒导出器

创建用户帐户

安装黑盒导出器

配置黑盒导出器

设置系统服务

  • 如果您想查看系统信息,如CPU使用率、内存使用率、CPU温度、磁盘使用率和网络流量,请安装nodeu exporter。
  • 如果您想查看ping(网络延迟)信息,请使用以下配置文件安装blackboxu exporter。如果您想查看ETH价格信息,请安装go。使用以下配置文件。
  • 使用以下配置文件安装Prometheus。
  • 安装Grafana。
  • 登录到Grafana并添加http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX:9090/作为普罗米修斯数据源。
  • 将Prysm仪表板添加到Grafana。
  • 在左侧菜单上,将鼠标悬停在“齿轮”菜单上,然后单击“数据源”。
  • 然后单击“添加数据源”按钮。
  • 将鼠标悬停在屏幕上的普罗米修斯卡上,然后单击“选择”按钮。
  • 输入http://127.0.0.1:9090/输入URL字段,然后单击“保存和测试”。
  • 将鼠标悬停在左侧菜单中的加号图标上,然后单击导入。
  • 复制并粘贴仪表板https://raw.githubusercontent.com/metanull-operator/eth2-grafana/master/eth2-grafana-dashboard-single-source-beacon_node.json进入屏幕上的“Import via panel json”文本框。如果您使用的是这些说明的旧版本,其中Prometheus配置文件使用的信标节点作业名称为“beacon”而不是“beacon node”,请使用此仪表板以实现向后兼容性。
  • 然后单击“加载”按钮。
  • 然后单击导入按钮。
  • 转到以前安装的Grafana仪表板
  • 查找网络流量小部件,然后打开可通过网络流量标题找到的下拉列表。
  • 单击“编辑”。
  • 在出现的查询中将有四个对eno1的引用。用在ifconfig命令中找到的网络接口的名称替换所有四个接口。你知道吗
  • 将以下文本复制并粘贴到普罗米修斯服务公司文件。

    sudo mkdir /var/lib/prometheus sudo chown prometheus:prometheus /var/lib/prometheus sudo chmod 755 /var/lib/prometheus

    安装systemd

    重新加载systemd服务文件配置,启动prometheus,然后启用prometheus服务,使其在重新启动时自动启动。

    sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/prometheus.service

    使用apt get设置并安装Grafana。

    [Unit] Description=Prometheus Wants=network-online.target After=network-online.target  [Service] User=prometheus Group=prometheus Type=simple Restart=always RestartSec=5 ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/prometheus      --config.file /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml      --storage.tsdb.path /var/lib/prometheus/      --web.console.templates=/etc/prometheus/consoles      --web.console.libraries=/etc/prometheus/console_libraries  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target 

    重新加载systemd服务文件配置,启动Grafana,然后启用Grafana服务,使其在重新启动时自动启动。

    sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start prometheus.service sudo systemctl enable prometheus.service

    安装Prometheus数据源

    登录Grafanahttp://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX:3000/,替换三十、 XXX.XXX.XXX与服务器的IP地址。如果不知道IP地址,请运行ifconfig。

    cd sudo apt-get install -y apt-transport-https sudo apt-get install -y software-properties-common wget wget -q -O - https://packages.grafana.com/gpg.key | sudo apt-key add - sudo add-apt-repository "deb https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable main" sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install grafana-enterprise

    安装Grafana仪表板

    默认用户名admin。默认密码管理员。Grafana会要求你设置一个新密码。

    sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start grafana-server sudo systemctl enable grafana-server

    注意:在运行所有必需的软件之前,某些面板不会显示数据。这个仪表板的各个部分直接或间接地依赖于Prometheus、Prysm beacon chain、Prysm validator、nodeu exporter和blackbox exporter。

    驱动Grafana仪表板的一些查询可能需要不同的设置,具体取决于您的硬件。

    最终Grafana仪表板配置

    1. 将鼠标悬停在屏幕上的普罗米修斯卡上,然后单击“选择”按钮。
    2. 输入http://127.0.0.1:9090/输入URL字段,然后单击“保存和测试”。
    3. 将鼠标悬停在左侧菜单中的加号图标上,然后单击导入。
    4. 复制并粘贴仪表板https://raw.githubusercontent.com/metanull-operator/eth2-grafana/master/eth2-grafana-dashboard-single-source-beacon_node.json进入屏幕上的“Import via panel json”文本框。如果您使用的是这些说明的旧版本,其中Prometheus配置文件使用的信标节点作业名称为“beacon”而不是“beacon node”,请使用此仪表板以实现向后兼容性。

    网络流量配置

    1. 然后单击“加载”按钮。
    2. 然后单击导入按钮。
    3. 转到以前安装的Grafana仪表板
    4. 查找网络流量小部件,然后打开可通过网络流量标题找到的下拉列表。

    要确保网络流量正确反映在Grafana仪表板上,请更新网络流量小部件中的网络接口。运行以下命令查找您的Linux网络设备。

    节点导出器

    命令的输出应该如下所示:

    创建用户帐户

    在上面显示的两个条目中,第一个在第二行网络接口eno1上列出了我的IP地址。找到表示要监视的网络连接的条目并复制设备名,即每个条目第一行冒号之前的部分。在我的例子中,值是eno1。

    ifconfig

    节点导出器允许Prometheus记录系统数据,如CPU使用率、内存使用率、CPU温度和磁盘使用率。

    eno1: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500         inet 192.168.1.10  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.1.255         inet6 fe80::1e69:7aff:fe63:14b0  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>         ether 1c:69:7a:63:14:b0  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)         RX packets 238936  bytes 78487335 (78.4 MB)         RX errors 0  dropped 1819  overruns 0  frame 0         TX packets 257824  bytes 112513038 (112.5 MB)         TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0         device interrupt 16  memory 0x96300000-96320000  lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536         inet 127.0.0.1  netmask 255.0.0.0         inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>         loop  txqueuelen 1000  (Local Loopback)         RX packets 39805  bytes 29126770 (29.1 MB)         RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0         TX packets 39805  bytes 29126770 (29.1 MB)         TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0 

    使用apt get设置并安装nodeu exporter。

    1. 单击“编辑”。
    2. 在出现的查询中将有四个对eno1的引用。用在ifconfig命令中找到的网络接口的名称替换所有四个接口。你知道吗
    3. Click Edit.
    4. There will be four references to eno1 in the queries that appear. Replace all four with the name of the network interface you found in the ifconfig command.

    安装节点导出器

    将systemd设置为自动启动nodeu exporter。如果停止,它还会重新启动软件。

    将以下文本复制并粘贴到节点中_出口商服务文件。

    jsonu导出器

    sudo adduser --system node_exporter --group --no-create-home

    安装go

    cd wget https://github.com/prometheus/node_exporter/releases/download/v1.0.1/node_exporter-1.0.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz tar xzvf node_exporter-1.0.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz sudo cp node_exporter-1.0.1.linux-amd64/node_exporter /usr/local/bin/ sudo chown node_exporter:node_exporter /usr/local/bin/node_exporter rm node_exporter-1.0.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz

    安装git

    重新加载systemd服务文件配置,启动nodeu exporter,然后启用nodeu exporter服务,使其在重新启动时自动启动。

    sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/node_exporter.service

    为jsonu exporter配置文件创建一个目录,并使其归jsonu exporter帐户所有。

    [Unit] Description=Node Exporter  [Service] Type=simple Restart=always RestartSec=5 User=node_exporter ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/node_exporter  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target 

    编辑json导出器配置文件。

    sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start node_exporter.service sudo systemctl enable node_exporter.service

    创建用户帐户

    安装json导出器

    sudo apt-get install golang-1.14-go  # Create a symlink from /usr/bin/go to the new go installation sudo ln -s /usr/lib/go-1.14/bin/go /usr/bin/go

    配置json导出器

    sudo apt-get install git

    设置系统服务

    sudo adduser --system json_exporter --group --no-create-home

    可选

    cd git clone https://github.com/prometheus-community/json_exporter.git cd json_exporter make build sudo cp json_exporter /usr/local/bin/ sudo chown json_exporter:json_exporter /usr/local/bin/json_exporter

    黑盒导出器

    将以下文本复制并粘贴到json中_出口商.yml文件。

    sudo mkdir /etc/json_exporter sudo chown json_exporter:json_exporter /etc/json_exporter

    将配置文件的所有权更改为jsonu导出器帐户。

    sudo nano /etc/json_exporter/json_exporter.yml

    将systemd设置为自动启动jsonu导出器。如果停止,它还会重新启动软件。

    metrics: - name: ethusd   path: $.ethereum.usd   help: Ethereum (ETH) price in USD 

    将以下文本复制并粘贴到json中_出口商服务文件。

    sudo chown json_exporter:json_exporter /etc/json_exporter/json_exporter.yml

    创建用户帐户

    重新加载systemd服务文件配置,启动nodeu exporter,然后启用jsonu exporter服务,使其在重新启动时自动启动。

    sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/json_exporter.service

    我使用blackboxu exporter在我的锁定系统和两个DNS提供商之间提供ping(网络延迟)数据。这也可以用来查看网络停机时间。

    [Unit] Description=JSON Exporter  [Service] Type=simple Restart=always RestartSec=5 User=json_exporter ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/json_exporter --config.file /etc/json_exporter/json_exporter.yml  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target 

    这些说明中的Grafana仪表板包括一个带有ping时间图的面板。如果您选择不安装blackboxu exporter,只需从Grafana仪表板中删除该面板。它不会显示数据。

    sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start json_exporter.service sudo systemctl enable json_exporter.service

    安装黑盒导出器

    blackbox_exporter

    为blackboxu exporter提供了特殊的网络数据包创建功能,允许ping服务器。

    删除原始blackboxu导出程序包。

    Create User Account

    sudo adduser --system blackbox_exporter --group --no-create-home

    Install blackbox_exporter

    cd wget https://github.com/prometheus/blackbox_exporter/releases/download/v0.18.0/blackbox_exporter-0.18.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz tar xvzf blackbox_exporter-0.18.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz sudo cp blackbox_exporter-0.18.0.linux-amd64/blackbox_exporter /usr/local/bin/ sudo chown blackbox_exporter:blackbox_exporter /usr/local/bin/blackbox_exporter sudo chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/blackbox_exporter

    编辑黑盒导出器配置文件。

    sudo setcap cap_net_raw+ep /usr/local/bin/blackbox_exporter

    将以下文本复制并粘贴到黑盒.yml文件。

    rm blackbox_exporter-0.18.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz

    Configure blackbox_exporter

    sudo mkdir /etc/blackbox_exporter sudo chown blackbox_exporter:blackbox_exporter /etc/blackbox_exporter

    将配置文件的所有权更改为blackboxu exporter帐户。

    sudo nano /etc/blackbox_exporter/blackbox.yml

    将systemd设置为自动启动blackboxu exporter。如果停止,它还会重新启动软件。

    modules:         icmp:                 prober: icmp                 timeout: 10s                 icmp:                         preferred_ip_protocol: ipv4 

    sudo nano/etc/systemd/system/blackbox_出口商服务

    sudo chown blackbox_exporter:blackbox_exporter /etc/blackbox_exporter/blackbox.yml

    Set Up System Service

    将下列文本复制并粘贴到黑框中_出口商服务文件。

    重新加载systemd服务文件配置,启动blackboxu exporter,然后启用blackboxu exporter服务,使其在重新启动时自动启动。

    Copy and paste the following text into the blackbox_exporter.service file.

    [Unit] Description=Blackbox Exporter  [Service] Type=simple Restart=always RestartSec=5 User=blackbox_exporter ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/blackbox_exporter --config.file /etc/blackbox_exporter/blackbox.yml  [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target 

    Reload the systemd service file configurations, start blackbox_exporter, then enable the blackbox_exporter service to have it start automatically on reboot.

    sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start blackbox_exporter.service sudo systemctl enable blackbox_exporter.service

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